Vinyl Flooring

What is Vinyl Flooring?

Vinyl is a type of flooring made from synthetic materials such as PVC. The Vinyl layer is  the pattern layer that mimics surfaces such as wood, hardwood, ceramic, concrete, stone, brick and terrazzo.

Vinyl Flooring Layers

Vinyl flooring usually consist of 2 protective layers, the pattern layer, a soft layer to provide comfort, fibre-glass to keep it flat and a base layer to hold everything together. This is the sheet that laid on a floor which it is glued down or removable. The sheet is cut to fit the dimensions and shape of the room.  Alternatively, this underlying sheet can come pre-glued to the Vinyl Tile or plank.

Rigid Core

Currently, the most popular form of vinyl flooring is “Rigid Core”. This is typically only 1 – 2 millimeters thick. Being that thin, any bumps or unevenness in the subfloor can be seen through or felt. Therefore, the Rigid Core was created as an industry standard. Rigid Core, while still maintaining the vinyl layer that its predecessors were known for, now includes a hardened core made of a plastic-stone composite that covers any imperfections in the sub floor. It is also more rigid than the hardened vinyl flooring which helps to prevent the vinyl from warping. Above the Rigid Core would be the pattern layer followed by 2 protection layers. An optional layer below the Rigid Core can also be added on to simulate the comfort layer and give the flooring better sound absorption and foot feel.


Vinyl flooring then evolved to use tiles and planks instead of sheets for application. These tiles and planks created are harder and stiffer than vinyl sheets and can be laid with the interlocking edges to join them together.  Without having to be glued is a huge advantage.  It not only reduce installation time, it also allows any damaged tiles to be replaced easily or for all the tiles to be removed and installed at another location.



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